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Amusium mortoni

Geological Range

Early Pliocene to Middle Pleistocene; Extinct.

Paleogeographic Distribution

Southern Florida to Virginia.


Original Description (from Ravenel, 1844, p. 96):

"Specific character—Orbicular, thin, both valves moderately convex, one more so than the other—outside, with numerous concentric obsolete striae; inside,—with from eighteen to twenty four radiating double ribs, slightly elevated; ears large, sub-equal, striated externally.

This species is nearly allied to the P. pleuronectus and P. japonicus. It is found in the limestone on my plantation, The Grove, in St. Thomas's Parish, about 17 miles from Charleston, and also on Goose creek, at Mr. Henry Smith's, about 7 miles South West from the Grove deposit, and 11 miles from Charleston; Cooper River being between these localities.

This shell is abundant at the Grove, but being large and thin, it is generally broken in getting out the marl, and with the exception of a few small specimens, I have not been able to procure a perfect valve.

The largest specimen in my possession although not perfect, is sufficiently so to determine its size; it is 8.75 inches in diameter.

I take much pleasure in designating this shell by the name of our distinguished Geologist, Dr. Samuel George Morton, of Philadelphia."

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Stratigraphic Occurrences

Middle Pleistocene
Bermont Formation (S. FL)
Canepatch Formation (SC)
Early Pleistocene
Bear Bluff Formation (SC)
Caloosahatchee Formation (S. FL)
Nashua Formation (N. FL)
Waccamaw Formation (SC, NC)
Late Pliocene
Duplin / Raysor formations (GA)
Jackson Bluff Formation (N. FL)
Raysor Formation (GA, SC)
Tamiami Formation (S. FL)
Tamiami Formation (Lower) (S. FL)
Tamiami Formation (Ochopee Limestone) (S. FL)
Tamiami Formation (Pinecrest Beds) (S. FL)
Yorktown Formation (VA)
Early Pliocene
Goose Creek Limestone (GA, SC)
<i>Amusium mortoni</i> from the Late Pliocene Tamiami Fm. (Pinecrest Beds) of Sarasota County, Florida (UF 137307).
Amusium mortoni from the Late Pliocene Tamiami Fm. (Pinecrest Beds) of Sarasota County, Florida (UF 137307).
Middle Pleistocene Map
Middle Pleistocene Map
Early Pleistocene Map
Early Pleistocene Map
Late Pliocene Map
Late Pliocene Map
Early Pliocene Map
Early Pliocene Map