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Petaloconchus sculpturatus

Geological Range

Middle Miocene to Early Pleistocene; Extinct.

Paleogeographic Distribution

Panama to Virginia.


Original Description (from Lea, 1846, p. 7-8):

"Remarks. -- The longitudinal costae are generally nodulous, but they occasionally seem rather to be cancellated by transverse sulci, which, in other specimens, appear to usurp their place. The two internal laminae are placed at about one-sixth of the circumference apart. They are generally directed towards the centre, and sometimes nearly meet. In some specimens they are much smaller than in others. They rarely or never seem to be continued in the aperture.

This is a very variable shell, both as to the sculpture and internal plates. I at first thought that there were two or three distinct species, but the varieties glide imperceptibly into each other. It appears to be by no means an uncommon shell at Petersburg.

The form figured is a very usual one. I have but few specimens which do not exhibit a decided tendency to form regular revolutions, and in some, the axis is so straight that a pin may be thrust through the umbilicus from the apex to the base.

The second figure is a specimen fractured to exhibit the appearance of the laminae."

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Stratigraphic Occurrences

Early Pleistocene
Bear Bluff Formation (SC)
Chowan River Formation (VA)
Waccamaw Formation (SC)
Late Pliocene
Duplin Formation (SC, NC)
Jackson Bluff Formation (N. FL)
Raysor Formation (SC)
Tamiami Formation (S. FL)
Tamiami Formation (Pinecrest Beds) (S. FL)
Yorktown Formation (VA)
Late Miocene
Gatun Formation (Middle) (Panama)
Gatun Formation (Lower) (Panama)
Middle Miocene
Shoal River Formation (N. FL)
Early Miocene
Chipola Formation (N. FL)
<i>Petaloconchus sculpturatus</i> from the Late Pliocene Duplin Fm. of Florence County, South Carolina (UF 211862).
Petaloconchus sculpturatus from the Late Pliocene Duplin Fm. of Florence County, South Carolina (UF 211862).
Specimen of <i>Petaloconchus sculpturatus</i> figured by Lea (1846, pl. 34, fig. 3).
Specimen of Petaloconchus sculpturatus figured by Lea (1846, pl. 34, fig. 3).
Early Pleistocene Map
Early Pleistocene Map
Late Pliocene Map
Late Pliocene Map
Late Miocene Map
Late Miocene Map
Middle Miocene Map
Middle Miocene Map
Early Miocene Map
Early Miocene Map<