Skip to Main Content

Pleuromeris tridentata

Geological Range

Late Pliocene to Late Pleistocene; Recent.

Paleogeographic Distribution

Southern Florida to Virginia.


For information on the modern distribution of the species, see Malacolog.

Original Description (from Say, 1826, p. 216-217):

"Shell suborbicular, subequilateral, thick and ponderous, with about eighteen convex Iongitudinal ribs, cancellate by concentric elevated lines, which do not penetrate into the interstitial narrow spaces, and which are obsolete on the umbo, and on the anterior side: inner margin deeply crenate: hinge with two diverging teeth, separated by a large cavity on one valve, and on the other, a single large triangular prominent recurved tooth, closing into the cavity.

Length 0.5 of an inch, breadth rather more.

This curious shell was discovered by Mr. Stephen Elliott, on the Coast of South Carolina. Its characters do not at all correspond with those of Venericardia, as defined by Lamarck in his last work, the Animaux sans vertebres, where he attributes to the genus 'two oblique cardinal teeth directed to the same side.' In the Ann. du Mus. Vol. 7, page 55, he admits, however, that 'in certain species, which ought, perhaps, to be separated from the Venericardes, there is on one valve, but a single cardinal tooth, and upon the opposite valve, two divergent cardinal teeth.' These characters, I conceive, correspond with the shell above described, and although, should they be tolerated, an artificial assemblage will be the result, yet for the present, I refer this shell to the genus Venericardia, under this authority of Lamarck.

This species will be regarded as an interesting addition to the Fauna of the present world. The first recent species was described by Lamarck as a native of New Holland. All other known species are found only in the fossil state."

To access this description in its original formatting through the Biodiversity Heritage Library, click here.

Stratigraphic Occurrences

Late Pleistocene
Anastasia Formation (S. FL, N. FL)
Fort Thompson Formation (S. FL)
Pamlico Formation (N. FL)
Satilla Formation (GA)
Middle Pleistocene
Bermont Formation (S. FL)
Canepatch Formation (SC)
Early Pleistocene
Caloosahatchee Formation (S. FL)
Nashua Formation (N. FL)
Waccamaw Formation (SC, NC)
Late Pliocene
Duplin Formation (SC, NC)
Duplin / Raysor formations (GA)
Jackson Bluff Formation (N. FL)
Raysor Formation (SC)
Tamiami Formation (Pinecrest Beds) (S. FL)
Yorktown Formation (VA)
Yorktown Formation (Moore House Member) (VA)
<i>Pleuromeris tridentata</i> from either the Late Pliocene Tamiami Fm. (Pinecrest Beds) or Middle Pleistocene Bermont Fm. of Charlotte County, Florida (UF 224948).
Pleuromeris tridentata from either the Late Pliocene Tamiami Fm. (Pinecrest Beds) or Middle Pleistocene Bermont Fm. of Charlotte County, Florida (UF 224948).
Late Pleistocene Map
Late Pleistocene Map
Middle Pleistocene Map
Middle Pleistocene Map
Early Pleistocene Map
Early Pleistocene Map
Late Pliocene Map
Late Pliocene Map